その1歴史

Osaka (formerly written as “大坂” in Japanese kanji , now “大阪”) is a city that has stood since antiquity, with a history as a capital or secondary capital of Japan, which began when Emperor Nintoku (who reigned from 313 to 399) moved his government to the Naniwa Takatsu Palace. In 645, Emperor Kotoku built his Naniwa Nagara Toyosaki Palace. Since ancient times, the Imperial Court has driven the construction of shrines and temples here. The city is home to numerous examples of religious architecture, including shrines and temples, as well as a castle.
その2文化

With its history as an ancient capital, a secondary capital, and a mercantile city, Osaka has long been one of Japan’s largest cities, and remains so today. It has also long been known as an economic and cultural center. For example, Osaka was called the “Tenkano Daitokoro” (“the kitchen of Japan) in the Edo period (1603–1868). Accordingly, Osaka has given rise to many cultural practices. To this day, you will find buildings here that exude the culture of their respective eras.

その3住居

In Osaka, which is made up of parts of the former provinces of Settsu, Kawachi, and Izumi, a large number of traditional Japanese houses survived the air raids of World War II, and remain to this day. Although some of these buildings have been repurposed for commercial use, there are also many that continue to serve as homes, having been passed down and inherited with great care by their owners.

その4産業

After the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Osaka was modernized, becoming a center of industry in Japan. During the “Dai Osaka” (“Big Osaka”, “Great Osaka”) period (from late Taisho era to early Showa era) of the pre-war era, the city surpassed Tokyo, and was even known as “the Manchester of the Orient.” As a result, many historic buildings with connections to industry remain in Osaka.